Venice - Tourism Centre

Venice - a city on the water, the unique architectural ensemble of the late Gothic and Renaissance: composition Doge's Palace, St Mark's Square, Clock Tower; canals and bridges lace the city. Museums of Venice, Basilica of Santa Maria della Salute.

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VENICE

Venice - a city on the water, which never rebuilt and so has retained its medieval appearance. Architectural works, amazing crafted by generations on difficult terrain for construction, in harmony with the water channels and form a single light in the city harmony. Traveling to the Grand Canal, you can see the medieval Gothic palaces and a late Renaissance. Shakespeare's Desdemona where she lived, and the palace, where he died Wagner.

Venice stands on 118 islands connected by 150 channels. The largest of them, the Grand Canal, extends for 4 km. Through the famous canals of the old town, nowadays there are more than four hundred bridges. Venice is located in the north of Italy, on the Adriatic shore of the lagoon. Only 35 km from the town is the famous resort of Lido di Jesolo, with its golden sandy beaches and a special soft microclimate.

Doge's Palace - dominates the Piazzetta and over the pier St. Mark's Square. The building began to take shape in the first half of the XIV century. The palace is a unique composition of their important public functions and the beauty of furniture. It has two main facade and the three levels. Lower forms portico with round arches, pointed upwards, resting on 36 columns, the second - an open loggia with arcade on two arches, standing, respectively, over the same lower arch, the third level - it is a wall, decorated with diamonds in white, gray and red marble, with lancet windows and round windows.

After the Giants and the Golden Staircase staircase (Scala D'Oro) mid XVI century, one can go to the private apartments of the Doge, and government offices.

In the hall of the College (Sala del Collegio) met under the chairmanship of the Doge's Council of State, take vital to Venice, political decisions. The ceiling of the hall masterfully painted the famous Paolo Veronese.

Among the rooms of the Doge, there are those who at the time caused fear among residents of Venice. For example, in the Hall of the Three (Sala dei Tre Capi) sat three justices Inquisition, Kara unwanted regime.

Great Council Hall (Sala del Maggior Consiglio), the largest room of the palace, painted by famous Venetian Veronese and Titian. There's a picture of the "Apotheosis", works by Veronese, which depicts an allegorical figure of Venice, floating on a cloud over the popular crowd, and a balcony with nobility.

In the heart of Venice is its main square - Piazza San Marco. This is called an open-air lounge. Looking at it, it's hard to imagine that at the beginning of XII century there was only grass, overgrown with grass.

In 1782, St. Mark's Square was organized bullfight in honor of the heir of the Russian throne, visited Venice. Currently, the area is still crowded. Vintage cafe opened its doors to the public. The most famous of them - Florian and Quadri. Their visit famous artists and writers. Florian is the first cafe opened in Italy, and Quadri loved Lord Byron.

On the square is the Clock Tower of the Moors. Its central part was built between the years 1496-1499 by the ingenious design Mauro Koduchchi. Same side additions completed in 1755 the architect Giorgio Massari. At the top of the tower two Moor beaten with hammers in a bell, and a winged lion on a blue star background holding an open book in the world. Moors - the code name, in Italian they were christened "mori", which translates as "black" or "dark", but in fact it is the bronze sculptures of shepherds, created in 1497 by sculptor Simone Campanato. Over time sculpture is covered with dark patina, so residents have nicknamed them "mori". In the 1500s the Republic of Venice extended to Fr. Cyprus. Familiarity with Islamic states, in particular the Turks and Arabs, also known as common term "mori", was a great influence on Venetian art and contained the enemy character, suspense and exotic.

The winged lion is the symbol of St. Mark the Evangelist, and the XII century and a symbol of the Venetian Republic. Lion may be of some value. When he holds his paw on an open book (the Gospel) - a symbol of the world media. If the book is closed - the lion goes to war. Usually he stands next to the sea, thereby showing the military force of Venice. When the hind legs of a lion in the water, and the front on the ground - a symbol of Venice as ruler of the sea and land.

February 2, 1999 marks 500 years since the construction of the Clock Tower. Specifically to this date, after two years of restoration, January 30, 1999 on the Grand Canal by gondola brought a clock face-foot-diameter, covered with blue enamel. The restoration was done by the French watchmaker Piaget.

St. Mark's Square can not feed the pigeons, only special food, sold here. In this food substance added, after it is passed, the birds do not produce offspring. Thus, the city is struggling to clean sanitary Venice.

Bridges of Venice. Venice - a wonderful city. Lace its islands are connected exquisite embroidery bridges and bridges. There are no roads, traffic lights, cars (they are left at Piazzale Roma), motorcycles and scooters, and instead of them walking the streets (where they are called not Via and Cullen), canals, embankments (street + channel = Fondamenta), gondolas, motorboat , water buses.

More than 400 bridges of Venice spread over 150 channels, which share the 118 islands.

For a long time the Grand Canal (Grandcanale), a length of 3,800 meters, divides the city into two parts. When the gondola glides over the surface of the eyes and in front of a chain of alternating swims beautiful churches, exquisite in its perfect architecture of palaces, as well as their gorgeous surroundings, a man once and for all fall under the charm of this city. Move on, the river, it was only possible by boat, while in the period from 1588 to 1591 years. was not built the Rialto Bridge (Ponte dei Rialto), which translated from Italian means "hill." Its length is 48 m, width 22.1 m, height 7.5 m This world-famous symbol of the city of St. Mark was wooden. Naturally, repeatedly burned. And in the XVI century, became what we now see it. It is noteworthy that the name of the architect of the Stone version of the bridge - Ponte - translated into Russian means "bridge."

For two centuries, the Rialto Bridge was the only crossing over the Grand Canal, while in 1934 there was no bridge Scalzi (Scalzi, bridge or "barefoot"), had been transferred to the railway station Santa Lucia and the Accademia Bridge, connecting the former church where Napoleon opened the Academy Fine Arts in the lively Dorsoduro. This is an inexpensive place where almost no shops, few restaurants, luxury hotels, but more antique shops, museums, modest family homes. venice architectural canal bridge museum

All bridges in Venice, built to pass under them could not only water-scooters insects, but larger public transport. For example, the Bridge of Sighs (Sospiri) over the canal Rio de Palacio. This is perhaps the most tragic, but also the most popular with photographers bridge. Porch with two latticed windows, connects the Doge's Palace (palazzo Ducale) with the prison. Bridge high above the raised surface of the channel and is closed on the sides. Inside it are two separated corridor wall, one is in the courtrooms, the other - in the halls of the Bar. Design was entrusted to Antonio Sontino in 1600, which, with a sigh, mourn with those who crossed the channel in chains, waiting for Judgment and punishment.

Next to the Palace Canal Bridge is straw or straw Bridge (Ponte dei Paglia). Once there was a merchant house of straw. The oldest - a wooden bridge Arsenale. Two crenellated towers that stand on either side of the channel of the same name, and connected by a bridge, was built in the XVI century (perhaps in XVII).

Museums in Venice

Academy Gallery

Academy Gallery - This museum - one of the most beautiful museums not only in Venice, but also the world. It was founded in 1750, initially serving as a school of painting and sculpture. Who among the exhibits of the museum polyptych by Paolo Veneziano, "The Coronation of Mary," "Saint George" Mantegna, "The Virgin and Child with St. Catherine and St. Magdalene" and "Lamentation" by Giovanni Bellini, "Thunderstorm" and "Old Lady" Giorgione "Pieta "Titian, as well as works by Lorenzo Lotto, Palma Vecchio, Veronese, Guardi, Longhi, Carpaccio and others.

Peggy Guggenheim Collection

Peggy Guggenheim Collection - visit to this museum is highly recommended for lovers of contemporary art and to those who are interested in history and architecture. One of the world's largest collection of paintings by artists of the 20th century located in the palace, which was built in 1749 by architect Lorenzo Bosketti. Zasavje talk about myself American Peggy Guggenheim lived in the one-story palace, which is located across from the Corner. The museum is very interesting and contains a unique private collection of modern art. The museum has a hall of Cubism (exhibits of Picasso, Braque, Leger, Dali, Kupka, Chagall and others), Hall of surrealism (Magritte, Delvaux, Dali, Tanguy...), Hall of futurism and abstract art (Kandinsky, Braque, Picasso). The museum also organizes temporary exhibitions.

Naval History Museum

Naval History Museum - Museum of Maritime History. The museum displays over 25,000 thousand exhibits. One of the collections is the models of ships and shipboard equipment. The most interesting - Cortello - the only surviving part of the gallery of the 16th century.

Church of Santa Maria della Salute

The Basilica of Santa Maria della Salute (Salute word - "health") is located at Cape Trinity and overlooks the Gulf of St. Mark. Order it was embedded in the 1631 young architect Baldassare Longhena to thank the Blessed Virgin for the end of the devastating plague of 1630 Basilica is undoubtedly one of the greatest achievements of Venetian architecture.

At the base of the basilica is an octagon. All building richly decorated with sculptures and ends with two hemispherical domes (one large, one small), and the location in the background, the two bell towers. The main facade was built on the model of a triumphal arch, six side facades correspond to six Capello, all around the perimeter of the basilica.

The interior of the temple is admired solution of architectural space, a magnificent mosaic floor, laid out in concentric circles of colored marble and surrounded by a garland of 32 roses (the symbol of the Rosary of the Blessed Virgin). The altar is also shaped as an octagon. Decorating his marble sculptures depict allegorical escape the plague before the image of the Virgin Mary.

In the sacristy you can see some paintings by Titian, such as "St. Mark enthroned with saints", "The Sacrifice of Isaac," "David and Golearf", "Cain and Abel." It also kept written in 1561 painting by Tintoretto, "Marriage in Cana of Galilee."

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