Papaoa eoo oea opeec coc oapao c cooae poo paceoo cp

ea opeec coc oapao c cooae poo paceoo cp. . CO2-poa oo oe a o-ece opaoeece oaae popace oapao.

02.05.2018
616,7 K

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a paa poc

Papaoa eoo oea opeec coc oapao c cooae poo paceoo cp

Ceaoc 05.18.15 - eoo oapoeee e poo oaoo ceapoaoo aae oeceoo a

Aopeepa

ccepa a cocae eo cee aaa eec a

a Oa oaea

pacoap 2012

Paoa oea O O ac ocapce eooec epce

a pooe: oop cecooce a, poeccop Ceoa aa Aecapoa

Oae ooe:

ao aa aoa oop eec a, O O ac ocapce eooec epce, poeccop aep eoo opaa a

coo eca ae aa eec a, a peopa pacoapc ao-cceoaec c pae epepao cecooceo po Poccco aae cecooce a

e : O O ac ocapce apap epce ceoa P

aa ccepa cococ 22 2013 oa 1300 aco a acea ccepaooo coea 212.100.03 p aco ocapceo eooeco epcee o apec: 350072 . pacoap, . ococa, 2, a. 248

C ccepae oo oaoc oee acoo ocapceoo eooecoo epcea. -

Aopeepa paoca 22 2012 .

e cepeap ccepaooo coea, a. e. a, oe eoa ..

OA APAEPCA PAO

1.1 Aaoc e. eee opaa aopo cpe oa copeeoo eoea opee oe peoa oppoa apo- popeoo cocaa eo paoa a. co paoe po a, oeop peoa paec eooo, oo coae opoa, caacpoa o apo- popeo coca poo ec o e pee poe oa paoa a.

Peee ao poe popeae aoe coaoe aee, a a ooe oece e e poa poeoo pooca, cooec copee eo-ooec peoa.

eaope oo ae pee ceo poop ooee opae eoea ape ccee aocao a eaoec poecca, o eeo po ooe pa pa aoea. c c p coa opoa, caacpoa poo aece ooec-a eec (A) eecoopao cooa apae pee c aoca aaoe coca.

apeoe cceoa ceec o opaca cpoca a oapa, o cao c aaae poe oo pee opocoo coao-aoo acee. p o oeaec eocaooc accopea, a ae poea ecaacpoaoo pocooo aocooo cocao p o eo ooc, apaepec oca oapao pcc a opeeco pe. a e ooo ea ap c o opeee o po, epce peee poe ec papaoa aopoe popace oapao (PP) oaoo aae, c aca oeee eooec poecc pa o poo paceoo cp. o e cococoa a eooo ea a oo oo accope oapao aeceo poe c coo eo eoc.

a opao, papaoa eoo oea opeec coc oapao c cooae poo paceoo cp ec aao.

ccepaoa paoa oac cooec c eepao eeo popao cceoa papao o pope apae pa ao-eooecoo oeca Pocc a 2007-2013 o o ee Papaoa oec ooec eoac pecpcocepea eoo, ocpecpa 23411 oc. aae cepca opaoa a P 4.1897.2011 Papaoa oaoo eoo poo a oaoo aae a ocoe oo oeco epepao paceoo cp.

1.2 e cceoa. Papaoa eoo oea opeec coc oapao c cooae poo paceoo cp.

1.3 aa cceoa. oce ocaeo e peac cee aa:

aa ooee ao-eeco epap aeo opa;

oocoae eecoopaoc pooca PP a ocoa peao e pa cpoca ca popaceo po;

cceoae ecoo cocaa paceoo cp c e e coo A c aoca aaoe coca;

papaoa peep oecoo CO2- cpaa a ocoe e ao ooeo cooo paceoo cp, oaaeo pae aoca aaoe coca;

opeeee cee oecoo CO2- cpaa o oo paaa, ce eoo a, ce opaa, ce a, a ae CO2-poa oo oe a o-ece opaoeece oaae PP;

papaoa peep PP, ooaeoo cpaa A;

papaoa eoo PP c cooae CO2- cpaa CO2-poa oo oe;

papaoa ooo-aeaeco oe oa cocaa PP;

papaoa oea eeco oea a oe PP ooecoe oocoae eoc pooca.

1.4 aa oa. ao cepeao oocoa peepa eoo PP oaoo aae c cooae epaooo paceoo poo cp.

eopeec cepeao oocoaa eoc coeaoo pee oecoo CO2-cpaa CO2-poa oo oe, coooeooo ocoeoo aca, paeo , paopoa a e ooe ee p pooce caacpoa PP oeo eo ooc, o ooo pacp accope oapao. caoeo, o coepoaoe coeae ooeo peep ooe cppo-eaece coca PP oc coeoc.

epe e cep poe aoca coc o oo paaa, ce eoo a, ce opaa, ce a, p oe oecoo CO2-cpaa.

eoa aeaecoo oepoa oocoa peeppo-ooee pee, oeceae caacpoaoc coe opeece coca oapao c cooae poo paceoo cp.

aa oa pee oepea peee o ae aea P a oe oe o ae 2012133707 o 06.08.2012.

1.5 paeca aoc. Papaoa peep eoo aopoe PP oaoo aae, apaepac co oaae eo ooeco eoc.

Papaoa oe eeco oea a pooco PP, a 9266-325-02067862-2011 9266-059-02067862-2011 oapa popacee aopoee (o, o, oe, pae). poea apoa papaoao eoo ocecea AO pacoapc poao任 OOO oa ecoo a (c. poca epacoo paoa pacoapcoo pa).

1.6 Cooece ccepa acop ao ceaoc. ccepaooe cceoae cooece . 1, 3, 5 6 acopa ceaoc 05.18.15 - eoo oapoeee e poo oaoo ceapoaoo aae oeceoo a.

1.7 Apoa pao. Pea cceoa, oee aopo, ooe oce a eeo ceapa aep eoo c p poo; cepoccco ao-paeco oepe c eapo ace ea poeoc: epa a, opaoa pooca (pacoap, 2005 .); V eapoo ao-paeco oepe pooco po po: poe, oe eoo, aeco (apa, 2005 .); eapoo ao-paeco oepe oae po a: eece ace eoacoc (pacoap, 2009 .); VI aoo eapoo ao-paeco oepe oe eoc ooeco coao eeoc ooepa opaa (pacoap, 2011 .); eapoo ao-eeco epe oepe Aae poe paa epepao poo p (pacoap, 2012 ), aoo eapoo ao-paeco oepe oaoe eoo - oaoo ooe (pacoap, 2012 .), eapoo ao-eeco epe oepe C - ceppece e eoo eo poeoc (pacoap, 2012).

1.8 a. o ee ccepa ooao 19 a pao, o ce 4 ca paa, peoee A.

1.9 Cppa oe ccepa. ccepaoa paoa coco ee, aaecoo oopa epap, eoeco, cepeao ace, peoea o paeco peaa peao cceoa, ae, oo, cca cooao epap poe.

Paoa oea a 173 cpaa oepoo eca, coep 37 a 30 pc. Cco peo epap ae 260 coa, o ce 25 ape aopo.

OE EO CCEOA

aece oeo cceoa cooac poe paceoe cp, CO2-cpa, oee apee cce PP. aece poo cp pooca aopoe PP, cooac ocoo e (Hypophtalmichtys molitrix Val.), ecp (Aristichthys nobilis Rich.) p, paa ope (Salmoirideus Gibbons) epoopca a (Salmo trutta Labrax P.), apaepec e co, occe ceecoo ca aaa, oaae pee peooec coca, coo cee ae opeoc. aece pace ooeo c aoca aaoe ooec-oa coca pa cee cp: oo paaa (Hunica granatum L.), c a (Rubus idaeus), ceea opaa (Vitis vinifera L), o oe (Hipporhamnoides L.), c eoo a (Thea sinensis). aece ooeoo paceoo cp cooac aca eooaa (Brassica oleraceae convar. Capita (L)), pea (Allium cepa L.), opo (Apiaceae Daucus L.).

2.2 eo cceoa. p oe pao cooa copeee caape eo ecoo, oecoo, poooecoo cecopoo aaa. Opeeee oao-eooec coc oaaee eoacoc cooo cp, oapao ooo po poo cooec c ec caapa. acco o ea opaa opee eoo ea cooec c OC 13496.4-93. opeee pa eo opaa cooa pop apoo epoopea ae - 103P, o - eo Cocea, pocooo cocaa, ao A, D E - eo aooco poaopa. oao-eooece coca (aoepaa, poepaa, pa cocooc caoc c) oe ape opee coaco ec peoea (Aoa .. p., 2001). Ae ooe cpao opee oo e o eo eapa - eea. cceoaece ca apoae cepea poo coaco OC 24026-80.

Opeeee oa eooec apaepo oe CO2-cpaa ocec eoo aeaecoo apoa cepea c peee pooo aopoo cepea (), a ae opooaoo epaoo ooooo aa (O) opoo opa aopo. Cacec opao cepea a poo caap eoa apaoo cac. Oe opeec coc PP opee cooec co caapo ISO 665:1985 Cecop aa. eooo. Oee pooco. Pace ocpoee paec acoce ocec c oo popa Microsoft Office Excel 2007 MathCAD 2013 p oepeo epooc 95 %.

PEA CCEOA

3.1 poeee apeo cceoa pacoapco pae oe opeec peoe ope po po. e oocoa aaoc papao PP oeo eo ooc a epo ae cceoa o poeeo aepoae o e oee oaecoo cpoca a p p po . pacoape acee a pacoapcoo pa. aepoa coooee e cocao 18 % 82 % cooeceo. Coaco oe a oo 41 % acee ope cpeeooe op po po (18,2 a acee o). caoeo, o 17 % ee, peeceo ppe paoa pa, ope p po oe paoao op a acee.

Pea e opeec peoe p ope po po pecaeo a pce 1. oaao, o cppe pooo opee peoaa oapa, a o oop a ocee 5 e poc 35 % oeo opee po po.

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Pco 1 - Cppa opeec peoe ee pacoapcoo pa o a po po a ocee 5 e, % o ca opoe

Cee oe, o cppa opee opeec peoe p opepoo aeo epe ca c poe aococo cee.

Oea opeec oa p ope e poo a pecaea a pce 2.

Pco 3 - Oea opeec oa p ope e poo: 1 - c; 2 - aeco; 3- ea eoc; 4 - ocooe ae poae; 5 - coe pe; 6 - ecoc pooe

oaao, o cpe oco aopo opa opeeeo ap aoao popo e po pae c poa (27,9 % opeee). peaeo, o aop ecoc pooe oaae eaeoe e a opeec op (1,8 %). p ope aoao popo pocce pea opac a coe pe ao (2,5 %).

Oe accopea p oapao ocec a ocoe aaa aecoo accopea po po cep- epapeo ce Aa, ea, a, Oe, a, epo epp (pco 3).

Pco 3 - Accope p oapao cep- epapeo . pacoap

oaao, o a ceo e opoae pe po coca 21 %, o oop o oooc pacpe pooca PP.

oceee pe accope PP ca pacpc aoap coceo pooc cep- epapeo. apep, Aae, ap c pao pao aoa oc a pae ao ococee, pe ao, pe pep, ococ cpe, peca e pe, opa e pe .. c o ocoeo, pee e, o opee ca ac pao oo pe p pooe .

a opao, caoeo opacae ocpeoaoc p oapao p eocae aecoo accopea oeo peoa aec co copo opeee. o opeee aaoc papao PP oeo eo ooc.

3.2 Oocoae opa cp peep ooeo. cceoa ecoo cocaa cp. eecoopaoc opa poo cp apepec ococ, co peoe, eo, ec cocao. o eco coca cea pa, coea pooca PP, oaec ocaoo co coepae ea pa (aa 1).

aa 1- ec coca poo cp

aeoae cp

Coepae, %

oa

eo

p

epae eeca

eo

oa

aopoc, /100

ocoo

77,800,63

17,200,18

5,300,15

1,200,23

-

1,200,13

500,983,11

ope (paa)

69,300,68

20,200,21

8,200,12

1,300,16

-

1,310,11

646,203,63

a

79,000,38

17,000,11

3,500,11

1,400,18

-

0,920,08

435,403,24

oaao, o ocoo (e, cp p), epoopca a, paa ope oocc eo pa, oaa coo eo eoc. Coepae eo ae a p appec peea o 17,2 % o 20,2 %, ee coepac eaee aoco, cceae pe co.

poaapoa paceoe cp, popacaee O CO, pa aoee epcee pace, oaae aoca aaoe coca. ae poee aa paceoo cp c o pe oeco ce, oop apoac a ocoe a opeo e pace ec coee, eac poecce c - ceppeco CO2-cpa oaa coca, oo cooa coa oa poo a.

a cpaoo aoe OOO apaa oe CO2-po oo oe, ec coca oopoo pecae ae 2.

aa 2 - ec coca CO2-po oo oe

aeoae oaae

aee oaae

1

2

accoa o, %:

a,

6,5

ea

28

pa

25,4

eo, o ce

64

eaa

15,3

oocaap

4,3

caap

19,8

ocaap

3,7

Opaece co, %

oa

2,8

a

1,3

aeea

1,0

apa

0,7

Aoco coca, /100

eaee aoco:

a

1110

oe

769

1308

eo+c

1104

peo

953

eaa +po

1204

poa

289

aee aoco:

aa

1195

ap

897

acapoa coa

2109

c

498

842

aoa coa

3011

po

524

cep

645

ocpo

183

poco coca, ( accoa o, %)

:

oeoa (C18:1)

17,1

:

oea (C18:2)

3,1

oeoa (C18:3)

4,1

a /100 poa

a C

300

ao p

2,4

a E (ooepo)

2,8

-apo

127

Oeo po oaae co aoca, a ae eocp coca.

a pce 4 pecaea acoc oocae cocooc poo apa o oeca ooo CO2-poa oo oe.

Pco 4 - acoc oocae cocooc poo apa o oeca ooo CO2-poa oo oe

caoeo, o ee peep oo CO2-po oo oe pa opoa, oaae ooeoe e a peooece apaepc ape. oaao, o apea ccea p ece 2,5 % CO2-poa oo oe oaae oee pae cppoopa coca, a, ceoaeo, oe opeec coca PP.

aece cp oecoo CO2- cpaa pa: oo paaa, c eeoo a, ceea opaa, c a. apaepca aaoo paceoo cp pecaea ae 3.

aa 3 - apaepca paceoo cp oe oecoo CO2-cpaa

aeoae oaae

aee oaae

oo paaa

c eeoo a

Ceea opaa

c a

1

2

3

4

5

accoa o apopeo, %:

ce eeca

19,8

15,6

25,8

12,7

eo, o ce

10,0

10,6

9,1

10,0

eaa,

1,7

1,3

2,1

1,4

accoa o popeo, %:

oeoe coee

310,5

510,5

380,9

320,7

aoo

(aoo epecee a p)

3,5

5,1

3,4

5,2

oco

1,2

0,6

1,7

0,5

ooepo

0,5

0,3

1,8

0,4

epeo

6,2

2,1

1,6

3,8

Coepae poeeo, /100 :

eeo

1,2

0,5

0,

apae

0,3

0,2

0,1

0,2

e

0,8

0,4

0,3

0,5

Coepae apoeeo, / 100 :

ap

17

20,0

28,0

30

a

205,0

256,0

305,0

364,0

a

18,0

26,0

12,0

16,0

a

23,0

37,5

28,0

20,0

Coepae ao /100

a C

10,3

12,0

10,0

5,2

ao p

0,6

0,5

0,5

0,4

a F

1,1

1,5

1,5

0,1

CO2-cpa o paaa coco aaoo oeoo. O a eo coee ec aoa coa. a oeo eeo ae opa a, aoa coa oaae coe aocaoe ece; ece c p oeoa pae oeco CO2-cpa ee pooocaee oopoeope coca. Coaco a cceoa, p apoa cepea c cooae po oepoa ocoeoce e cce a peco poe epooe cce, caoeo oaoe coooee cp oe oecoo CO2- cpaa o oo paaa (x1), ce eoo a (x2), ce opaa (x3) ce a (x4) 3:2:4:1. cepe pooc cooec c OC 24026-80 c cooae pooo aopoo cepea () epe aopo p eepape o 18 C o 20 C ae 5,4 - 6,4 a. a oaae cp oc coepae oeoo (X1), aooo (X2), ooepoa (X3) aa C (X4), a aoca aoc. apa apoa cepea c oa pecaea ae 4.

aa 4 - apa apoa cepea c oa

/

X0

X1

X2

X3

X4

X1 X2

X1 X3

X1 X4

X2 X3

X2 X4

X3 X4

y

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

1

+1

-1

-1

-1

+1

+1

+1

-1

+1

-1

-1

1580,3

2

+1

+1

-1

-1

-1

-1

-1

-1

+1

+1

+1

1324,4

3

+1

-1

+1

-1

-1

-1

+1

+1

-1

-1

+1

1462,8

4

+1

+1

+1

-1

+1

+1

-1

+1

-1

+1

-1

1396,2

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

5

+1

-1

-1

+1

+1

+1

-1

-1

-1

-1

+1

1417,1

6

+1

+1

-1

+1

-1

-1

+1

-1

-1

+1

-1

1561,5

7

+1

-1

+1

+1

-1

-1

-1

+1

+1

-1

-1

1789,7

8

+1

+1

+1

+1

+1

+1

+1

+1

+1

+1

+1

1865,3

oe oea ea pepecc

y = 1549,7+3,1 x1+2,4 x2+4,3 x3+1,1 x4.

o t-pep aoc oeo pae, oee c oo p aoc 0,9, a oea acoc oepa paceoo cp aocao aoc.

3.3 oee paceoo cp CO2-cpao oea aece oaaee. C eo paee aoeoo oa po ec e oac CO2-cpa A.. eoa, .. acoa, E.. oeoo, .P. oa, a peoe coco oe aocaoo CO2-oeca cec paceoo cp.

eco cocae cceoa CO2-cpao coeaec coepae ooepoo pooo cepa oo-, -, p- epaepeo (aa 5).

aa 5 - Coepae e ooeo a CO2-cpaa oeco cpae, %

ec coca CO2-cpao

a oo paaa

c eeoo a

Ceea opaa

c a

oec cpa

apoo

6,00,81

4,30,78

2,00,69

4,01,62

7,91,98

ep

6,30,54

1,20,12

8,61,86

1,30,22

5,01,10

ooep

16,01,35

14,03,67

18,11,92

7,01,87

8,92,36

ocep

5,10,35

3,21,25

4,01,45

2,00,54

5,01,38

ooepo

1,30,12

0,80,12

2,00,21

0,90,62

1,90,62

epeo

12,03,65

4,11,37

3,00,38

6,11,36

7,02,35

Opaece co

8,32,36

2,01,25

7,01,41

6,01,62

6,91,32

e eeca

12,01,32

8,02,34

9,12,74

7,12,65

9,82,33

aoo

4,51,32

8,42,25

7,02,56

9,22,38

8,12,87

12,12,64

3,30,93

16,22,98

4,01,35

10,22,65

oepa aocao, 10-2 /

8,01,87

7,01,38

4,11,04

6,11,14

7,91,71

oe oec CO2- cpa pecae coo acc oc c coepae o o 2,0 % o 2,9 %, co co 15,3 O, ooc p 20 oC 0,9580 /c3, oaaee peoe p 20 oC 1,5240. p coooe 1:1 cpa ooc pacopec 96 oo cpe paceo ace.

oe apaepa aocaoo ec CO2-cpao, a ae aocaoo CO2-oeca cec paceoo cp p oce o ape ccea poee cceoa a poecc oce oeo apeo cce. Pea oce pee a pce 5.

Pco 5 - e CO2-cpao a e oce o oeo apeo cce 1 - opo 2 - CO2-cpa o oo paaa 3 - CO2-cpa ce eoo a 4 - CO2-cpa ce opaa 5 - CO2-cpa ce a 6 - CO2-cpa cec cpao 7 - oec CO2-cpa

a o pecae a, aocaoe ece acao poec oecoo CO2- cpaa p eo coepa ccee oece 0,08 %. aeee eee oepa e oaae ceceoo a cceee oaae.

3.4 oepoae peep oo papaoa eoo pooca aopoe PP, a ae apoa aopaop co. ocppoae ooooe peep oapao poo a c oo popa Generic 2.0 ec aopo, poo appoae aa peeo oop peep oo, cooec oaae oooo pep appoa (D). peae ocppoa peep PP oe oae peepe coca, peaoae e oe opeee c oeo, paee opeee c oa, oo ocoo c oeo, oo a c oa.

a ae ac eaeoc ao aoco, oe ooe pep eaeoc eooo o (D) oe, paee, oo oo cooeceo 0,843; 0,931; 0,785 0,823.

Ooe pep eaeoc, apaep cee caacpoaoc pocooo, aoo epaoo cocao, oe oo cooeceo oe paee pae 0,709 0,805; 0,725 0,831; 0,714 0,737. Cooece papaoa peep pee peoa oepaec co ae ooeoo pep eaeoc appoa: oe- 0,721, paee - 0,784.

Aao opao oe pee peep coca, a ae ea eoc pa oee poo, pecae aa 6.

aa 6 - Coca peep oo PP

aeoae peea

Coepae peea, a 100 oooo poa

Peepa 1

oe

opeee c oeo

Peepa 2

pae opeee c oa

Peepa 3

o

ocoo c oeo

Peepa 4

o a c

oa

ap ocooa

40,48

50,10

66,01

32,00

ap ope

24,80

24,90

-

-

ap

-

-

-

15,00

opo (accepoae)

9,00

12,00

6,00

6,00

pa pcoa

-

-

-

5,00

aca eooaa

-

-

-

34,00

paea a

8,43

-

6,14

-

o poe

5,19

-

7,19

-

aco ocoeoe

5,00

5,00

5,00

5,00

epa

2,00

3,66

3,28

1,21

po

2,00

3,66

3,28

1,21

Co

0,60

0,60

0,60

0,60

CO2- po oo oe

2,50

-

2,50

-

oec CO2-cpa

-

0,08

-

0,08

o

100

100

100

100

aopoc peep oo 1, 2, 3 4 PP cocae 520,4 , 426,8 , 769,2 437,6 cooeceo.

oec oe o o po poo o ce oaae: ec coca, apaepe acco o ea, o, eoo o, aoco, poco, a epa coca, oocea ooeca eoc, oaae eoacoc, opaoeeca oea. ae ecoo aaa, oaae eoacoc opaoeeco oe oepa, o o cooec eo-ooec peoea a PA peoa Ca. o aocoo coca PP oac co coepae eae aoco, o ce a a a, a , e, c, ap.

cepe poo c cooae O opoo opa aopo. peapeo aopo, a poecc oce o, pa ocoe: accoa o oecoo CO2- cpaa (% 100 oooo poa) pooeoc pae opao (c, aa 7).

aa 7 - aop oce o PP, po, pee epa appoa p oepoa poecca

aop opoao e

poe

epa appoa

-1

0

+1

pooeoc pae, (1) c

0,50

3,50

6,50

3,00

accoa o oecoo CO2- cpaa (2),% 100 oooo poa

0,01

0,06

0,11

0,05

aece apaepa oa aeaeco oe Y oe oeoc peao cceoa, pa epaep ooe oaae, oe epe pa o eco cc ea epe ac oa. coooc ooe oeco oe opaoeece ococa caoc oce o poa: cooe co (), O a 1 , epecoe co (), o aoo copoa a 1 , oappooe co () - e. oeco ooc, opaoeeca oea poa (O, a o OC 9959-91).

Ooee pa o eco cc ea epe ac oo p pacee ooeoo apaepa oa poo o eoe epaepo a c eo pe ao. aece aoo ca = 2,0 O/1 , = 0,60 o aoo O2 a , = 0,120 e. oeco ooc (apaep opeee peape oa) opaoeeca oea O = 5 ao (cooeceo ac oo Y1, Y2, Y3 Y4).

oe ocoep a p oaaee oepa a oo poe: coca, coco ao, eepape co pae (4 2 oC), coco ooo ecaoo oee. ae 8 pecaea peaa aa cepea. Opaoa oe a oo pacca apaep pae (1), aeao caeo ooe apaep oa c ee aopa, oopoe ooe poopoa aeco poa:

y = 0,57 + 0,251 + 0,01 2 + 0,04 12 + 0,21 12 - 0,31 22 (1).

epeo opoao aeaeco oe a apa poe oo o oa (2), ca ooe apaep oa aop opoo oecoo CO2- cpaa cpoo pae poa, paee ec ea epe ce opao:

Y = - 0,91 - 0,181 + 36,73 2 +0,2312 + 0,05 12 - 126,32 22 (2).

Oae ae aopo, caoee eoo aeaecoo epepoa coca: oeco oecoo CO2- cpaa - 0,08 % 100 oooo poa, pooeoc oooo opoe oce - 3,51 co p eepape 42oC.

cepeaa poepa oe ae ceao cep cepeo o caa o cocae aopoe PP a ocoe e e ac oo (, , opaoeeca oea) oepa a oa poecca caa o popacee oapao pao opoo oecoo CO2- cpaa. Oaa opoa oecoo CO2- cpaa caoea o o-ec oaae opaoeec apaepa po a poe 0,08 %.

aa 8 - a cepea pea eo peaa p oepoa oa poecca caa o PP

oep

oa

a cepea

ace o

Ooe apaep oa, Y

pooeoc pae, c

oepa oeco cec CO2- cpaa, %

Y1

Y2

Y3

Y4

O,

a

o ape 1

apao, c

o ape 2

apao, %

1

+1

7,50

+1

0,11

3,22

0,54

0,26

4,0

0,50

2

-1

0,50

+1

0,11

1,55

0,51

0,22

5,1

0,21

3

+1

7,50

-1

0,01

3,32

0,61

0,17

4,2

0,62

4

-1

0,50

-1

0,01

1,50

0,81

0,12

5,0

0,39

5

+1

7,50

0

0,06

3,09

0,73

0,14

4,3

1,81

6

-1

0,50

0

0,06

1,71

0,70

0,22

5,2

0,51

7

0

3,50

+1

0,11

2,82

0,77

0,13

5,1

0,71

8

0

3,50

-1

0,01

2,77

0,53

0,15

5,0

0,22

9

0

3,50

0

0,06

2,47

0,73

0,13

5,0

0,19

3.5 Papaoa ooo-aeaeco oe oa cocaa PP. Coaa ooo-aeaeca oe oa cocaa peep PP ( pace a e cooo ooo poa)

)

oppoa cocaa peep PP c o opeoc ae eeca opaa eoea, peae oopo pooco o o PP cao ooec peae. Coaco oe peaa, oo p pooce PP oca 18-23 %. aa oe ooe pacca oeco ooeo, o peep p o apa a oe po a. pee aa pec cec eo eoo popapoa.

3.6 Papaoa eoo PP c cooae CO2- poa oo oe oecoo CO2- cpaa. peae poeeo pao a papaoa peep eoo aopoe PP oaoo aae c cooae CO2- poa oo oe, oecoo CO2- cpaa.

ae 9 pecaea apaepca aocao aoc CO2-cpaa pa aa pooca PP.

aa 9 - apaepca aocao aoc CO2-cpaa

aeoae CO2-cpaa

oepa aocao, 10-2 /

Ca ece aocao PP

pae opeee c oa

o a c oa

oec CO2-cpa

7,9

7,9

p ece coca poa

7,5

7,4

oce aopaa

7,0

6,9

poecce pae (60 co)

6,8

6,7

poecce eoo opao

Papaoaa eoo aopoe PP. eooeca pooca PP pecaea a pce 6.

Pco 6 - eooeca aopoe PP

1-oea aa, 2-ceo pacopep, 3-epooa aa, 4- ep CO2-poa oo oe, 5- ep oecoo CO2-cpaa, 6- ep-cece, 7- opoooe cpoco ooe P, 8 - aa aece co apo, 9 - aapa ao PP, 10 - opo aapa.

Aao opao a poee cceoa o aocao aoc CO2-poa oo oe pa aa pooca oea opeee c oeo oa ocoo c oeo. pe aocaa aoc CO2-poa a ee o a paa o cpae c oec CO2-cpao.

a opao, poeee cceoa oooc ee e ooeo eapceoo eoo paceoo cp, cococe oe oeppoa ooec a eec, c poope cocao apae coca, o ooe oopoa cceoae oec CO2-cpa CO2-po oo oe a ooec oae ee pee cocae oa poo.

3.7 oeca oea opeec coc PP c cooae CO2 - cpao. Oe peo caacpoaoc capoo ea pa pa oe poa o c cooae oep popa eooo .. aoa O.. apoa.

cepeae ae, oee p e ecoo cocaa PP, pee ae 10.

aa 10 - ea eoc PP cpae c opo opaa

oaae

oe ocooa (opo)

oe opeee c oeo

pae ocooa (opo)

pae opeee c oa

aa, %

44,20

64,60

43,70

67,93

eo, %

11,60

16,51

10,81

18,79

p, %

7,90

12,52

1,90

12,24

eo, %

8,31

12,20

5,72

9,14

oa, %

1,10

1,32

1,20

1,40

Aoco coca, /100 ea

e

4,12

7,61

4,96

8,34

oe

3,45

5,32

3,76

5,95

4,43

7,59

4,11

5,42

eo + c

5,01

6,35

2,61

3,82

eaa + po

3,65

6,63

3,57

6,11

peo

1,87

3,62

2,01

3,47

poa

0,12

1,20

0,48

1,75

a

1,36

4,52

1,45

5,19

poco coca, /100 o

7,61

18,40

6,09

14,71

13,78

23,91

14,64

25,04

28,32

45,11

26,95

51,33

a coca, /100

a (1)

0,09

0,24

0,08

0,31

Poa (2)

0,08

0,11

0,09

0,12

poc (6)

0,21

0,83

0,32

0,81

ooepo (E)

2,51

3,10

0,20

2,83

a (PP)

1,72

3,71

1,56

3,02

epa coca, /100

a

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    [642,2 K], 17.11.2014

  • . . - , . .

    [387,2 K], 24.08.2013

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    [62,9 K], 23.08.2013

  • : , , . , .

    [25,4 K], 09.02.2009

  • . : . , . - .

    [74,8 K], 10.11.2014

  • Therban AT 065 VP . . , - , .

    [4,6 M], 03.02.2015

  • , . . . . , . .

    [862,4 K], 04.06.2015

  • . . "-". . .

    [49,3 K], 27.05.2013

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    [52,7 K], 25.05.2015

  • . - . . - .

    [288,9 K], 23.09.2014

, , ..
PPT, PPTX PDF- .
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