Importance of early physical rehabilitation in improving functional state of vegetative nervous system of women with postmastectomy syndrome

Determination of the expediency of early application of physical rehabilitation to improve the functional state of vegetative nervous system of women with postmastectomy syndrome. Comparison of heart rate variability in women with postmastectomy syndrome.

Рубрика Медицина
Вид статья
Язык английский
Дата добавления 16.11.2017
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Zaporizhzhya National University, Zaporizhzhya, Ukraine

Lviv State University of Physical Culture, Lviv, Ukraine

Importance of early physical rehabilitation in improving functional state of vegetative nervous system of women with postmastectomy syndrome

Odinets T., Briskin У.

Summary

Purpose: to determine the expediency of early application of physical rehabilitation to improve the functional state of vegetative nervous system of women with postmastectomy syndrome.

Material & Methods: theoretical analysis of scientific and methodical literature, analysis of heart rate variability, methods of mathematical statistics. The study involved 135 women with postmastectomy syndrome who underwent radical mastectomy for Madden.

Results: at the end of the research value of high-frequency component of the spectrum was significantly higher in women MG' compared to MG on 257,72 msl (p<0,01) and the stress index was lower on 107,01 c. u. (p<0,001).

Conclusions: the feasibility of early rehabilitation intervention to improve the functional state of the autonomic nervous system is not detected during the year classes on problem-oriented programs.

Keywords: postmastectomy syndrome, women, autonomic nervous system, exercise, physical rehabilitation.

Introduction

Continuous improvement of medical advances in cancer increases the number of patients that are formally due to lack of progression of breast cancer are considered «healthy», but the presence of complications caused by conducted aggressive anticancer therapy increases with the duration of the postoperative period, which requires active intervention by the rehabilitators [1; 2; 6].

Top randomized feasibility studies show early detection and correction of complications of the musculoskeletal system, cardiovascular and nervous systems for the timely overcome them and improve the quality of life of women of this nosology [7-9]. However, the overwhelming focus on the part of medical rehabilitation, the development of modern medical schemes providing, implementing reconstructive plastic surgery, unfortunately, does not pay enough attention to the physical rehabilitation of patients with postmastektomy syndrome, including the improvement of the functional state of the autonomic nervous system.

The above definitely indicates the importance of developing, conducting and determine the usefulness of timely rehabilitation measures to improve heart rate variability in women with postmastektomy syndrome.

Relationship with the academic programs, plans, themes

The selected research direction corresponds to the research topic of Zaporizhzhya National University “The development, experimental testing and implementation in practice the measures of physical rehabilitation to improve the health status of different categories of people” (state registration 0114U002653) and Lviv State University of Physical Culture “Basis of physical rehabilitation of women with the postmastektomy syndrome” (state registration 0114U007008).

Purpose: to determine the expediency of early application of physical rehabilitation to improve the functional state of vegetative nervous system of women with postmastectomy syndrome.

The article used the following methods: theoretical analysis of scientific and methodical literature, analysis of heart rate variability, methods of mathematical statistics.

To evaluate the functional state of the autonomic nervous system using electrocardiographic complex KARDIOLAB (National Aerospace University of electronic medical devices and technologies «HAI-MEDICA», Kharkiv, registration certificate № 6037/2007, conformity certificate № UA-MI/2p-2765- 2009). Technology of analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) was based on registration short records (5 minutes) the patient's electrocardiographic signal with further analysis of the mathematical methods rytmohramy [5]. We investigated the total variability parameters (SDNN, RMSSD, AMo, Si, IVR) and periodic components of heart rate variability (TP VLF, LF, HF, LF/HF, IC, LF%, HF%, VLF%). The study was conducted on the basis of Zaporizhzhya Regional Oncology Center.

The study involved 135 women with postmastektomy syndrome (50 patients had stationary and clinical stages of rehabilitation, 85 - only dispensary), the average age was 60,27±0,79 years. In the stationary stage, women were divided into two groups: main group (MG), n=25 and the comparison group (CG), n=25; in dispensary stage - the first main group (MG1), n=45 and the second main group (MG2), n=40 according to its own wishes and encouragements to studies on personality-oriented program of physical rehabilitation. Previously, women had held a conversation in which given a clear explanation of the features sessions on each of them.

The first complex personality-oriented program [4] included: aquafitness (aquamotion, akvabilding, aquastretching), conditioned swimming, recreational aerobics (first main group and main group); second [3] - conditioned swimming and Pilates (second main group and comparison group).

Women of the main groups involved in the relevant programs during the year, efficiency controled in six months. Admission to the sessions provided by oncologist, patients of these groups belonged to the third clinical group. At the beginning of the dispensary stage groups were homogeneous in all parameters of heart rate variability.

Results and discussion

postmastectomy syndrome physical rehabilitation

To determine the feasibility of early application of physical rehabilitation to improve the functional state of the autonomic nervous system in women with postmastektomy syndrome on dispensary stage of rehabilitation, we conducted a comparative analysis of HRV in six months and year after classes of personal-oriented program of physical rehabilitation (Tab. 1).

The benefits of early physical rehabilitation, it has not been established in six months of classes on the first personality- oriented program between the main group that began rehabilitation with a stationary phase and the first main group - from the dispensary, as evidenced by the presence of probably the best indicators of heart rate variability in the last.

Specifically mentioned stress index (Si) was lower in women MG1 at 101,69 c. u. (p<0,01) compared to the MG, and activity level of the parasympathetic regulation higher on 5,42 ms (p<0,05), indicating that lower tension of regulatory systems in women who started on the dispensary stage of rehabilitation. Going on the second personality-oriented program had similar trend benefits to improve the functional state of the autonomic nervous system, including the value of stress index (Si) was lower in women MG2 on 174,56 c. u. (p<0,001) compared to the CG, and the percentage contri bution of a very low range component was higher on 12,92% (p<0,01), indicating a better adaptive capacity of the autonomic nervous system in the second main group of women.

At the end of the study, the level of parasympathetic regulation of heart rate was significantly higher in women MG1, as evidenced by higher values of high-frequency component of the spectrum (HF) - on 257,72 msl (p<0,01) and (RMSSD) - on 9,56 ms (p<0.001), the value of stress index was lower on 107,01 c. u. (p<0,001) compared to CG.

A similar was traced when comparing two other groups for the first half, including stress index values were lower in women MG2 compared to CG on 174,56 c. u. (p<0,001), for the second half - on 117,11 c. u. (p<0,001).

Conclusions

The results of the study found that developed and tested personality-oriented program of physical rehabilitation of women with postmastektomy syndrome contribute to the improvement of the functional state of the autonomic nervous system of women of all groups, but according to the results of the semi-annual and annual control has been shown to lack feasibility of early rehabilitation intervention on improvement in cardiac rhythm.

Prospects for further research include determining whether early use of physical rehabilitation to improve functional status of upper extremity among women with postmastektomy syndrome.

References

1. Vavilov, M.P., Kizhaev, E.V. & Kusevich, M.N. 2012, [Postradiating-postektomy syndrome: aspects of evidence-based medicine] Opuholi zhenskoy reproduktivnoy sistemyi [Tumors of the female reproductive system]. No. 2, pp. 7-11. (in Russ.).

2. Shihkerimov, R.K., Savin, A.A. & Stulin, I.D. 2008, [Neurological disorders in women after mastectomy] Klinicheskaya gerontologiya [Clinical gerontology]. Vol.14 No. 8, pp. 21-29. (in Russ.).

3. Odinets, TE. 2015, [Methodical peculiarities of conditioned swimming in the structure of personality-oriented program of physical rehabilitation of women with the postmastektomy syndrome] Visnik Chernigivskogo natsionalnogo pedagogichnogo universitetu imeni T.G.Shevchenka. Seriya: Pedagogichni nauki. Fizichne vihovannya ta sport [Bulletin Chernihiv National Pedagogical University named after Taras Shevchenko. Series: Pedagogical Sciences. Physical education and sport]. Vol. 1, pp. 195-199. (in Ukr.).

4. Odinets, T.E. 2015, [Technology improving of aerobics in the structure of personality-oriented program of physical rehabilitation of women with the postmastektomy syndrome]. Slobozhanskiinaukovo-sportyvnyi vi'snyk [Slobozhanskyi science and sport bulletin]. Kharkiv, Vol. 49 No. 5, pp. 86-89. (in Ukr.).

5. Yabluchanskiy, N.I. & Martyinenko, A.V. 2010, Variabelnostserdechnogo ritma vpomoschprakticheskomu vrachu [Heart rate variability in care practitioner]. Kharkiv, 131 p. (in Russ.).

6. Stout, N.L., Binkley, J.M. & Schmitz, K.H. 2012, A prospective surveillance model for rehabilitation for women with breast cancer, Cancer, Vol. 118, pp. 2191-2200. Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cncr.27476/pdf.

7. Arving, C., Thormodsen, I. & Brekke, G. 2013, Early rehabilitation of cancer patients - a randomized controlled intervention study, BMC Cancer, Vol. 13 No. 9, pp. 9-14. Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3570301.

8. Scaffidi, M., Vulpiani, M. C. & Vetrano, M. 2012, Early rehabilitation reduces the onset of complications in the upper limb following breast cancer surgery, Eur JPhys RehabilMed, Vol. 48 (4), pp. 601-611.

9. Blaney, J., Lowe-Strong, A. & Rankin, J. 2010, The Cancer Rehabilitation Journey: Barriers to and Facilitators of Exercise Among Patients With Cancer-Related Fatigue, Physical Therapy, Vol. 90 No. 8, pp. 1135-1147.

Анотація

Одинець Т. Є., Бріскін Ю. А. Значення раннього застосування засобів фізичної реабілітації у поліпшенні функціонального стану вегетативної нервової системи жінок з постмастектомічним синдромом. Мета: визначити доцільність раннього застосування засобів фізичної реабілітації щодо поліпшення функціонального стану вегетативної нервової системи в жінок з постмастектомічним синдромом. Матеріал і методи: теоретичний аналіз даних науково-методичної літератури, аналіз варіабельності серцевого ритму, методи математичної статистики. У дослідженні брали участь 135 жінок з постмастектомічним синдромом, що перенесли радикальну мастектомію за Мадденом. Результати: наприкінці річного курсу занять значення високочастотного компоненту спектру було вірогідно більшим у жінок ОГ1 порівняно з ОГ на 257,72 мсі (р<0,01), а стрес-індексу - меншим на 107,01 ум. од. (р<0,001). Висновки: протягом року занять за особистісно-орієнтованими програмами реабілітації не виявлено доцільності у ранньому реабілітаційному втручанні щодо поліпшення функціонального стану вегетативної нервової системи.

Ключові слова: постмастектомічний синдром, жінки, вегетативна нервова система, засоби, фізична реабілітація.

Аннотация

Одинец Т. Е., Брискин Ю. А. Значение раннего применения средств физической реабилитации для улучшения функционального состояния вегетативной нервной системы женщин с постмастэктомическим синдромом. Цель:

определить целесообразность раннего применения средств физической реабилитации для улучшения функционального состояния вегетативной нервной системы у женщин с постмастэктомическим синдромом. Материал и методы: теоретический анализ данных научно-методической литературы, анализ вариабельности сердечного ритма, методы математической статистики. В исследовании приняли участие 135 женщин с постмастэктомическим синдромом, перенесших радикальную мастэктомию по Маддену. Результаты: в конце года занятий значения высокочастотного компонента спектра было достоверно большим у женщин ОГ1 по сравнению с ОГна 257,72 мсі (р<0,01), а стресс-индекса - меньшим на 107,01 у. е. (р<0,001). Выводы: целесообразности в раннемреабилитационном вмешательстве по улучшению функционального состояния вегетативной нервной системы не обнаружено в течение года занятий по личностно-ориентированным программам реабилитации.

Ключевые слова: постмастэктомический синдром, женщины, вегетативная нервная система, средства, физическаяреабилитация.

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