National symbols of Scotland

Features of the symbols of Scotland: thistle, bagpipes, the Apostle Andrew. Characteristics of the emergence of symbols. People's anthem Scotland as a kind of musical symbols. Distinctive features of the patterns and colors on the national dress.

Рубрика Краеведение и этнография
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Язык английский
Дата добавления 27.11.2015
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National symbols of Scotland

What's interesting about Scotland? There are some facts which I`d like to speak about. First of all, Scotland is the most autonomous of all the countries that make up the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

I must say that Scotland is a unique country which has many different traditions and symbols.

The first national Scotland`s symbol is thistle. Thistle flower is a semi-official national symbol of Scotland and is depicted, in particular, on bank notes. Thistle has become a symbol, as a result of winning a battle. According to legend, in the XIII century coastal settlement of Scots suffered from Viking raids. One managed to avoid sudden night attack by the fact that the Vikings went barefoot in a thicket of Scotch thistle, than gave themselves. Thistle is the floral emblem of Scotland. The symbol is widely used in the Scottish and British heraldry, logos, as well as on British coins.

The next symbol is bagpipe - the national musical instrument, the unofficial symbol of Scotland, an ancient Scottish instrument. Is a reservoir of sheep or goat skin, turned inside out (goose), to which are attached (attached ) Three Bourdon tube (drones), one tube with eight playing holes (chanter) and a special short tube for blowing air . Has a simplified air flow - through ancillary pipe - provides the freedom of the right hand.

When playing musician (piper) fills the air tank and pushing it down the elbow of his left hand, makes sound and game Bourdon tube , in turn equipped with special reeds ( canes ) , and, Bourdon tubes are used in single and double tube in the game canes, made of reeds.

The third symbol of Scotland is The Apostle Andrew (St. Andrew) the patron of Scotland, according to the legend, his relics were transferred in the 7th century from Constantinople the Scottish town of St Andrews. The picture of the apostle, as well as X-shaped cross on which he was crucified according to legend, are symbols of Scotland.

The forth symbol. The flag of Scotland - is the official historical symbol of Scotland, the national flag of the Scottish people. It is a blue rectangular flag with a white oblique (St. Andrew's) cross. In some sources the Scottish flag is called St. Andrew's cross. In contrast to the royal standard, a flag with a slanted cross is available for public use .The flag is used Scottish government departments as one of the official symbols. During the daytime flag adorns almost all government buildings.

The next symbol is Coat of Arms of Scotland. In the gold box with a scarlet double internal border, there is a revolting lion of the same color with azure weapons. Above the shield a golden helmet, topped with a crown of Scotland. In the scarlet crest there is sitting a crowned lion holding a sword and a golden scepter. Above the lion silver ribbon with the motto In Defens, inscribed scarlet letters. Around the shield is the collar of the Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle. The shield is supported rebelling crowned silver unicorn with golden arms (mane, horns and hooves), clad in gold chain and standing on a green ground, overgrown with thistles.

The sixth symbol of Scotland is tartans. Tartan - ornament formed twill weave, pre colored in different colors, resulting in a checkered pattern consisting of horizontal and vertical lines as well as rectangular areas filled with diagonal stripes. Tartan is used for coloring plaid and can symbolize a certain clan, as well as terrain or organization. Scottish kilts almost always have tartan pattern.

The anthem of Scotland. People's anthem can be considered the song of folk group The Corries - "The Flower of Scotland", written in 1967 by Roy Uiliamsonom. This is the song played when the Scottish rugby team takes the field. (O Flower of Scotland, When will we see Your like again That fought and died for Your wee bit Hill and Glen And stood against him Proud Edward's army And sent him homeward Tae think again The Hills are bare now, And Autumn leaves lie thick and still, O'er land that is lost now, Which those so dearly held, That stood against him, Proud Edward's Army, And sent him homeward, Tae think again. Those days are past now, And in the past they must remain, But we can still rise now, And be the nation again, That stood against him, Proud Edward's Army, And sent him homeward, Tae think again.)

So, these are all symbol of Scotland. And making a conclusion we may say that Scotland is the great country with good culture, traditions, and of course symbols.

symbol scotland bagpipe national


1. Электронный ресурс

2. Электронный ресурс

3. Электронный ресурс

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6. Электронный ресурс

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