Analysis methods early learning reading preschool children
The article describes the main characteristics and distinctive features of early learning preschool reading techniques. The content is a technique that on cardboard cards are written the names of objects that surround the child in everyday life.
|Размер файла||13,7 K|
Отправить свою хорошую работу в базу знаний просто. Используйте форму, расположенную ниже
Студенты, аспиранты, молодые ученые, использующие базу знаний в своей учебе и работе, будут вам очень благодарны.
Размещено на http://www.allbest.ru/
Analysis methods early learning reading preschool children
The article describes the main characteristics and distinctive features of early learning preschool reading techniques.
Аннотация: в статье рассматриваются основные характеристики и отличительные черты методик раннего обучения чтению дошкольников.
Keywords: methodology, training, speech, preschool age.
Ключевые слова: методики, обучение, речь, дошкольный возраст.
Preschoolers with strong inclinations, with the right education and development have a high interest in cognitive activity. Formed curiosity, the basis of which is the high level of children's curiosity, in turn, develops an interest in literary works . preschool child reading
Questions of preschool early learning is relevant always and for all parents who are attentive to the education of their children. For example, why should a child start learning to 4-7 years, when "after three too late"? The absurdity of the situation is obvious: the formal training begins, when it ends sensitive period of development of the child. According to scientists G. Doman and N. Zaitseva early training effective and useful. American scientist G. Doman repeatedly mentioned - "Kids are willing and able to learn ... one year old child to learn to read more easily than six years" .
Obviously, the sooner preschooler will start their training and development, the higher the chance to get more knowledge and skills, respectively, to achieve better results in any activity in the future. In our analysis, we looked at 4 the best-known non-traditional practice of early learning to read preschoolers - is S. Lupan, G. Doman, Zaitsev, A. P. Tyulenev [1, 2, 6].
By the method of early development S. Lupan are increasingly resorting pedagogy and parents created by Belgian actress. The rise in popularity, primarily provides simplicity and the possibility of teaching a child to read virtually from birth. You should begin with the penetration of the alphabet. When a child appears speaking, you can move to the graphic writing words uttered child. Regarding the reading itself, it is necessary to read the teachings begin in three years.
The content is a technique that on cardboard cards are written the names of objects that surround the child in everyday life and hang on these same subjects. In parallel with this work being acquainted with writing letters S. Lupan came up with their own original images.
It is important to note that the authoritarian and violent parents, this technique will not work. This method is very time consuming for the parents. To use this method, you must make a number of illustrations, cards with inscriptions, prepare many works of literary creativity. In addition, the whole apartment is transformed into a museum of cards and images .
The basic position G. Doman method lies in the fact that the brain develops its maximum possible only when it works. So from an early age it is necessary to force the brain to process the information that in subsequent years a person could easily develop. Learning to read takes place by means of cards on which are written the words. "The kid clearly show the card and call the word, which is indicated by the image. Each time at the end of shuffled cards class to another time did not repeat the procedure. Those cards that the child has learned, can be removed from the demo pack, replacing them with new ones. All material is divided into specific topics, starting with the easiest. Over time, the card set can be expanded, for example, foreign words, important to correctly pronounce them. Excellent results can be achieved only with regular employment" . The sequence of learning to read is divided into several stages: 1. Individual words. 2. Slovosochetaniya. 3. Simple sentences. 4. Rasprostranennye proposal. 5. Knigi.
According to G. Doman, seeing the word several times, the child will remember forever as it is read. And seeing the multitude of words, by itself bring the rules of reading and start to read unfamiliar words.
Despite the fact that there are already several dozen Nobel laureates, who as a child learned from Domani, the technique has a number of significant negative sides: in the process of learning the child is passive - just have to watch; the method is ineffective in the Russian language is not rare, reading children swallow the end; method of training is very time-consuming, difficult to prepare props.
Today, a popular method of N. Zaitsev in Russia. Allows you to start to teach preschool children with 1.5 years.
The main idea of NA technique Zaitseva - a game-mediated learning. The basic unit of language - style characteristic of the traditional reading of the education system, it replaces the phenomenon as a warehouse. In the terminology of AN Zaitseva, warehouse - "muscular effort of the vocal apparatus." It may be a couple of consonant and vowel or consonant and soft sign, or even a single letter.
In the process of learning involves all modalities of sensation. Thus, the author is trying to compensate for the lack of methodology of analytical thinking a keen perception of the child.
To this end, training is conducted in the course of the game with dice, which were written on the faces of warehouses. Cubes are different, depending on their written in warehouses, color, size, and sound. That is, the author endeavors to observe the law system of learning from concrete-shaped thinking through visual-verbal to the logical.
The technique has a number of serious negative aspects: the proposed finished warehouse does not allow the child to understand the mechanism of word formation as a whole; the complexity of manufacturing benefits.
Not long ago, the parents of preschool children were convinced that their child should learn to read in school. Today, not all agree with that opinion. Most parents want their children smart and successful . Thus, it becomes very important to the timely response of the developers pre-school education programs, which may increase the potential of their research to include modern methods of early reading instruction.
1. Doman G. Kak nauchit' svoego malysha chitat' / G. Doman. M.: Vindex, 2008. 240 s.
2. Zajcev N. A. Pis'mo, chtenie, schet / N. A. Zajcev. SPb: Lan', 1997. 198 s.
3. Men'shikova E. A. O psihologo-pedagogicheskoj prirode ljubopytstva i ljuboznatel'nosti detej // Vestnik TGPU, 2009. № 1 S. 88-92.
4. Sergienko E. A. Rannee kognitivnoe razvitie: novyj vzgljad / E. A. Sergienko. M.: Izd-vo "Institut psihologii RAN", 2006. 464 s.
5. Sidenko A. S., Jashina G. A. Obzor metodik rannego razvitija detej // Jeksperiment i innovacii v shkole, 2013. № 6 S.31-37.
6. Tjulenev P. V. Chitat' ran'she, chem hodit' / P. V. Tjulenev. M.: Serija "Jera Cheloveka Razvitogo", 1996. 272 s.
7. Методика С. Лупан - Дошкольный возраст. [Электронный ресурс]. Режим доступа: http://www.intensiv7.ru/методики-развития/методика-с-лупан/.
Размещено на Allbest.ru...
Main part: Reading skills. A Writing Approach to–Reading Comprehension–Schema Theory in Action. The nature of foreign-language teaching. Vocabulary teaching techniques.
курсовая работа [23,8 K], добавлен 05.12.2007
Features of training of younger schoolboys and preschool children. Kognitivnoe development of preschool children. Features of teaching of English language at lessons with use of games. The principal views of games used at lessons of a foreign language.
курсовая работа [683,5 K], добавлен 06.03.2012
Process of learning a foreign language with from an early age. The main differences between the concepts of "second language" and "foreign language" by the conditions of the language environment. Distinguish different types of language proficiency.
статья [17,3 K], добавлен 15.09.2014
Effective reading is essential for success in acquiring a second language. Approaches to Teaching Reading Skills. The characteristic of methods of Teaching Reading to Learners. The Peculiarities of Reading Comprehension. Approaches to Correcting Mistakes.
курсовая работа [60,1 K], добавлен 28.03.2012
Reading is the foundation on which academic skills of an individual are built. The importance of teaching reading. Developing reading skills and strategies. Stages of conducting reading and reading activities. Rules of training of the advanced readers.
курсовая работа [36,2 K], добавлен 10.04.2012
The basic tendencies of making international educational structures with different goals. The principles of distance education. Distance learning methods based on modern technological achievements. The main features of distance education in Ukraine.
реферат [19,1 K], добавлен 01.11.2012
The development in language teaching methodology. Dilemma in language teaching process. Linguistic research. Techniques in language teaching. Principles of learning vocabulary. How words are remembered. Other factors in language learning process.
учебное пособие [221,2 K], добавлен 27.05.2015
Problems of child's psychological development. "Hot-Cold" games (for children till 7 years old). Intellectual Eye Measurer. Definitions and classification. Assessment. Computer, teacher's version. Mathematics. Statistics (for training of banking workers).
реферат [46,3 K], добавлен 19.09.2015
The history of the use of the interactive whiteboard in the learning. The use of IWB to study of the English, the advantages and disadvantages of the method. Perfect pronunciation, vocabulary. The development of reading, writing, listening and speaking.
презентация [1,3 M], добавлен 23.02.2016
Особливості філософії освіти у ХХІ столітті. Характеристика системи інноваційних принципів та методів викладання у вищій школі - "Blended Learning", що забезпечує значно вищу результативність освітнього процесу. Особливості застосування цієї системи.
статья [23,8 K], добавлен 21.09.2017