Languages and codes. Regular languages. Semiretracts and lattices. Deterministic and nondeterministic automata. Minimal deterministic automata and syntactic monoids. Formal grammars. Chomsky and Greibach normal form. The Pumping Lemma and decidability.
Equity research meaning of the word, Russian designs. The semantic structure of nominalization. Development tools for the automatic removal of the construction of the lemma of annotated according Treebank Russian texts, and their classification.
Avicenna (Ibn Sina) as a medieval Persian scientist, philosopher and physician, a representative of the Eastern Aristotelian. The spread of influence in medieval Europe through the translation of works. Mysticism, Eastern philosophy and epistemology.
Glacial Moraine is one of the gems Banff National Park. Characteristics of visiting the Canadian Rockies. Analysis of the prevalence of a large cave system, glaciers and lakes in the Canadian Reserve. It features pristine ecosystems in the world.
Gross domestic product as a widespread macroeconomic indicator. Definition of the stage of the business cycle. A study of the quality of improving the life of the population in each country. Use of international standards to calculate the coefficient.
Cognitive linguistics is an approach to the study of language which is based upon human perception and conceptualization of the world. The main concepts of cognitive linguistics. Literal, figurative language as complex concepts. The notion of "metaphor".
Phraseology as science. Ways of the translation of phraseological units. The phraseological unit signs. Stability of grammatical structure. Special character of grammatical structure. Semantic equivalence to the word. Constancy of component structure.
Extra textual factors in text. A source text as a part of a unit of higher rank. Basic functions of communication. The foundations of scientific theory of translation. The semantic divergences between the languages. The absence of emotional coloring.
Test tasks on the basics of the English language, in which the correct answer needs to be circled. Tasks are presented for different levels of language knowledge: pre-intermediate, elementary, intermediate, upper-intermediate and advanced level.
Construction of two-dimensional vector autoregression model for quarterly data rate of gross domestic product and consumer prices for Ukraine using Gibbs sampling and Minnesota Prior. Feature accuracy of Bayesian estimation in macroeconomic systems.
This article discusses bilingualism and linguistic human rights in the USA as a multiethnic country. It provides an overview of the legal framework the USА and the UNO in the area of linguistic human rights. Linguistic ideology in a multiethnic society.
Postures used in different human cultures. Gestures which are unique to particular areas, and meaningless in others. Most common way to greet someone in Western countries. The uses and variation of eye contact. Cultures influence communication styles.
Ways of borrowing English vocabulary from other languages. The formation of Britain's foreign lexical structure. The peculiarity of adoption a dictionary in Russian. The peculiarity of the narrower special meaning of the international words of Russia.
Etymological survey of the word-stock of a language. Borrowed words, their kinds and peculiarities. Assimilation of borrowed words. International words as loan words. French, Russian and Turkic borrowings in the English language, contemporary literature.
Perfection of lexical and grammatical skills, the development of speech skills. Exercises that develop skills like reading. Thematic units with problematic character assignments, exercises, developing creative abilities of students, discussion threads.
Particular qualities and rules of business writing. Pronouns and active versus passive voice in letters and memos. Identify qualifications, attributes and objectives in writing. Application and cover letter checklist. Samples of application letter.
The formal paper communications between businesses. A sending a professional correspondence through the Post Office or by courier. Consideration of the basic rules of writing a business letter. The studying examples of senders and recipients in English.
Analysis of the study of antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating properties of rosmarinic acid. Characteristics of the parameters of optimal extraction of biologically active compounds of grass of four species of thyme of the European flora.
A feature of the use of filar and stage micrometers for determining the rate and scale in biological cells and tissues. The characteristic of measuring the size of cells in a microscopic slide using the universal instrument of the ophthalmic eyepiece.
Astana and Almaty as the biggest cities of Kazakhstan. Astana as the second coldest capital in the world, the average annual temperature. Bayterek as the most famous landmark in Astana. The legend behind this tower. Astana International Airport.